Lettuce

Lettuce


Lettuce is available all year in Iran and it has two kinds:
1. Normal lettuce (Long), 2. Iceberg. Both of them are exportable.
Like any other vegetable, in cold seasons, lettuce cultivates in south part of Iran like Dezful.
In first mid-year (warmer seasons) in north and central parts of Iran.
Exporting lettuce must be fresh and stores in refrigerator from 24 hours before export in order to keep it fresh in transportation.
The freshness of it can be detected from its stem.
So its stem should be white and without rust.
Packing of iceberg is generally Nano packs, and for normal lettuce carton boxes are used.
These boxes are 10-11 kg and almost 15-16 pieces of normal lettuce and 10-11 pieces of iceberg fits in these boxes.
For container transportation, in each pallet 60 baskets fits which equivalents 450-500 kg, so FCL of it is 10-11 tons.
This vegetable is sensitive to temperature so its transportation is just with refrigerator container.
Using Nano nylons can increase the life of the product.

Suitable Climate for Growing Lettuce


Lettuce is the vegetable of cool seasons and gets the best result in cool and humid areas.
This vegetable can grow in areas where its monthly average temperature is between 12 to 15 degrees Celsius.
It is very sensitive to high temperature and its leaves start to burn in high temperatures.
Also in 30 degrees Celsius, the seeds fall sleep and don't germinate.
It needs 16 to 18 degrees Celsius in days and 10 to 12 degrees Celsius in nights.
Light loamy soil which has lots of organic matter and good drainage is the most suitable soil to grow it.
And the PH of the soil should be between 5.5 to 6.5.
Spring lettuce grows best on light and warm soils
While summer varieties grow best on well watered soils.
The water requirement is relatively high despite the low volume of the plant.
Evaporation happens a lot on its leaves so dehydration appear very quickly in the plant and cause a lot of damage.
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