Iran by producing 432,000 tons ranks second in production of apricot in the world after Uzbekistan
According to the latest FAO statistics in 2014, Uzbekistan ranked first with 547,000 tons of apricots, and Iran ranked second in the world.
The best type of export apricot must have identities such as sweet taste and texture without pests and harmful diseases.
Apricot is one of the fruits that has different varieties and it is possible to cultivate it in special climates.
Iran has very good geographical conditions for planting and producing apricots, and fortunately, most of the cultivars of this fruit are compatible with the soil of Iran.
Urmia with 11 thousand and 500 tons of production has the first rank, and Shahin Dej, Mahabad, Salmas, Khoy and Mako have the next ranks of cultivation and production of apricot in Iran.
The advantage of producing and exporting apricot is that not only you can export it freshly, but also you can produce and export dried form of this fruit.
Currently, there are three active dried apricot production units in the country, and 1-kilogram dried apricot can be produced from 4-kilogram fresh apricot.
The capacity of production of dried apricot of these units are 4,000 tons per year. these units are mostly in Salmas and Miandoab. And besides that, a number of them are producing it seasonally.
Apricots are able to grow in well-drained deep soils.
Apricot roots are sensitive to flooding and are more suitable for light and sandy soils.
Wet soils are not suitable for planting this fruit, and these soils would have caused the tree to start sapping.
Apricot tree planting grows well in dry, sandy and calcareous soils and it is best fertilized in deep soils, low humidity and light soils.
The best planting depth for this fruit is 3 meters.
Before planting it, the soil must be ready by fertilizing. About 20 tons of completely rotted manure should be added to the soil for per hectare.
The nutrients of potassium, calcium, zinc and zinc play a very important role in increasing yield and improving the quality of this fruit.
The time of planting the apricot in temperate areas is in the fall and in cold regions is in late winter and early spring.
After watering the trees, it is better for the moisture to penetrate to a depth of 180 cm of soil.
The constant wetting of the soil and excessive watering cause rot and suffocation of the roots, yellowing and falling of the leaves and lack of proper flowering of this apricot.